A colonoscopy is basically a test that the doctor takes to look for any kind of changes such as swollen, irritated tissues, cancer, or polyps in the rectum or large intestine (colon). The help of a video camera that the doctor attached to the tip of a tube makes it possible for the Gastro doctor in Ludhiana to get a view of the entire colon.
In fact, if it is deemed necessary, the doctor can also remove polyps and some other types of abnormal tissues via scope at the time of colonoscopy. Apart from that, the surgeon is also liable to take the tissue samples known as biopsies during colonoscopies.
Why Do The Doctors Conduct Colonoscopy?
To investigate intestinal symptoms and signs
With the help of a colonoscopy, the doctor can explore many possible causes of abdominal pain, chronic diarrhea, rectal bleeding, and other intestinal problems.
Screening for colon cancer
If you are the age 45 or more, then you might be at average risk of colon cancer. There is no other risk factor associated with colon cancer than age. This is why your doctor might advise you to have a Colonoscopy in Ludhiana after every ten years. In case you have some other risk factors, then there is a chance for the doctor to ask you to have a screen sooner than later. It is one of the few options that help in screening for colon cancer.
Look for more polyps.
If you have a history of polyps, then there is a good chance that your doctor might suggest a follow-up colonoscopy to look at and remove the additional polyps. The doctor conducts this procedure to reduce the risk of colon cancer.
Treat a condition
There are also situations wherein the surgeon might conduct the colonoscopy for treatment purposes. Some of those treatments include placing a stent or removing the object from the colon.
What Are The Risk Factors Of Undergoing Colonoscopy?
There are few risks associated with colonoscopy. Although all these are for rare occasions, it is still wise to know all the details beforehand for better understanding.
There can be a reaction to sedatives that the doctor uses at the time of the exam.
There is bleeding from the site where the doctor took a tissue sample, also known as a biopsy.
Bleeding from a polyp or some other abnormal tissues, which the doctor removes.
There is a tear in the rectum wall (perforation) of the colon.
How Can You Prepare For The Colonoscopy?
Before the doctor begins the procedure of colonoscopy, they might ask you to empty or clean out the colon. If there is any residue in the colon, then the doctor might find it challenging to get a good view of your colon as well as the rectum at the time of the test.
To clean your colon, the doctor might ask you to:
Follow a special diet the day before the exam
Take a laxative.
Adjust your medications.
Schedule your initial consultation with Ludhiana Gastro & Gynae Center.